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Cultivation of black currant: tips for growing black currants in the garden or in pots. Pruning, harvesting and care to be dedicated to the plant.
Today we will give you some advice on the cultivation of black currant in potsor in the garden.
Cultivation of black currant
The blackcurrantit is a bushy plant that adapts well to any type of soil but grows best when the soil is characterized by a medium, loose mixture, rich in humus and tending to acid. It fails to produce fruit when the soil is too clayey.
Those who intend to grow currants will have to:
-abund with watering in summer
- set up a protection against winds and sun, as theblack currant plantit is not resistant to high temperatures. Those who live in central-southern and southern Italy should carry out the planting in a partially shaded area.
For thecultivation of black currant, the ideal would be to set up a covered orchard or cultivate the plant in an area with partial shade and shielded from direct sunlight.
Theblackcurrantit is sensitive to high temperatures but not to cold: it can be grown successfully in northern Italy, it resists temperatures down to -15 ° even if it does not yield fruit in these extreme conditions.
For fertilization it can be used, both at the time of planting and for maintenance, of well-mature manure or other sources of nitrogen.
Black currant, pruning
In addition to summer watering, the plant requires some pruning: only branches that are too developed and those that tend to grow towards the inside of the bush must be cut off to form a tangle. With the pruning in addition, branches older than four years must be eliminated.
Beforeprune black currant, keep in mind that currants mostly bear fruit on one-year-old branches. The black currant produces few fruits on short, woody and old branches, with the pruning operation you will have to ensure the plant a renewal of the vegetation.
Begin the cultivation of Black Currant
Those who do not intend to buy a blackcurrant plant in the nursery will have to arm themselves with patience: the blackcurrant propagates by cuttings taken from one-year-old branches but takes about two years to root. Rooting must be done in pots. The transplant is carried out by machine on rows 2.5-3 m apart between the rows and 1.5-1.8 meters on the row.
Grow black currants in pots
For the cultivation of black currant in potsspecial attention must be paid to the soil. The soil must have active limestone and an excellent quantity of potassium must be added: the black currant is a potassium-loving species.
For the cultivation in pots it will be necessary to organize themselves with large containers: at least 20 cm in diameter. The soil must be moist and must have a draining layer to prevent water stagnation.
Black currant, harvest
There collectionof theblackcurranttakes place in climbing: the currant ripens in 2 - 3 weeks, so it will be necessary to perform 2 - 3 harvesting sessions. Theblack currant harvest periodit falls in the summer period, between the months from June to September. The collection is rather quick.
Black currant, property
The Riber Black is the leader of natural remedies! It is considered a powerful natural anti-inflammatory and is indicated to relieve allergies, joint and rheumatic pains, in ancient times it was used as a remedy for gout, capillary fragility and herpes.
The blackcurrant it grows spontaneously throughout northern and central Europe and in Alpine areas, especially in stony places. Hercultivationit is mainly implemented for food purposes, however, in recent times, thecultivationfor therapeutic purposes.
Theblackcurrantin fact, it is very popular for its healing properties and virtues, it is considered a "natural cortisone" and is useful for relieving various ailments. For all information on the properties, side effects and uses of black currant (infusions, decoctions, curative macerates ...) we refer you to the dedicated page:black currant, properties and contraindications.
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